Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 39-50
A Review on Problems of the Public Building Maintenance Works with Special Reference to Nepal
Ram Chandra Dahal, Department of Construction Engineering and Management (CEM), Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Khet Raj Dahal, Department of Construction Engineering and Management (CEM), Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Received: Jul. 8, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 4, 2020;       Published: Aug. 18, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20200402.12      View  180      Downloads  47
Abstract
The study was conducted during the period from the month of March to April 2020. Published literatures such as thesis, paper, manuals, reports, and database were collected from different sources and studied thoroughly. The conclusions were drawn on the basis of the studied materials. The study found that the public buildings of any nation are too valuable assets and maintaining them at regular functional state is becoming challenging job for developing countries like Nepal. The most significant building maintenance problems are: plumbing and w/s, toilet, bathroom and sanitary, electrical problems, poor maintenance management and practices, peeling of paint, dampness, surface cracking, growth of fungi or small plants and decay or breaking of floor/tile. Decay, deterioration and failure of the fabric and finishing of a building due to negligence of maintenance have harmful effects on the contents and occupants. Causes of maintenance problems can be grouped as managerial, technical, building user related and natural causes. There are major causes such as design defects, inadequate contractor and construction supervision, use of low quality materials and workmanship, unavailability of qualified human resources and quality materials, poor maintenance management, insufficient maintenance fund but high and unexpected cost, age of building, natural disaster and earth settlement and so on. Lack of proper maintenance department, programs, plan and policy are the critical issues of improvement by public institutions. Patent and latent defects in buildings are serious issues and failure to address them would contribute to additional rectification cost, hamper the smooth operation of the building and reduce its service life. Buildings and facilities that are not properly maintained can cause discomfort and lead to accidents and injury to the users. The study would like to suggest that the handling of maintenance problems should be minimized by identifying the root causes and applying the effective and efficient maintenance management program. Precaution should be applied at design and construction stage ensuring quality construction and delivery with all building documents. Furthermore, each public institution should formulate maintenance objectives, apply suitable strategy, manage adequate resources, develop maintenance action plan, periodic review of performance and strategy at service stage.
Keywords
Public Buildings, Maintenance Policy and Practices, Maintenance Strategy, Preventive Maintenance
To cite this article
Ram Chandra Dahal, Khet Raj Dahal, A Review on Problems of the Public Building Maintenance Works with Special Reference to Nepal, American Journal of Construction and Building Materials. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 39-50. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20200402.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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