Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 51-60
A Review on Disaster Resilient Residential Structure with Special Reference to Nepal
Ranjana Pokharel, Disataer Risk Engineering and Management, Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Khet Raj Dahal, Disataer Risk Engineering and Management, Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
Received: Jul. 22, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 19, 2020;       Published: Oct. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20200402.13      View  64      Downloads  28
Abstract
Natural disasters are counterproductive to developing countries’ economic growth, as they may be accompanied by a reduction in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), rise in imports, and deterioration in fiscal balances. The research was conducted during the period from September to December 2019. The main goal of this analysis was to find out the weakness of the construction of disaster-resilient residential in and around the world. The special focus is given to Nepal. Throughout this analysis, secondary literature received from various sources such as published reports, papers, thesis, database, and manuals were collected and the conclusion is drawn based on studied materials. It is noted that 21 major natural disasters in Southern African countries led to an overall worsening of the trade balance owing to an increase in import growth and, to a lesser extent, a reduction in export growth. Due to flooding in 2000, Mozambique lost over 10% of its total viable land, as well as the crops in the field, and about 40,000 head of cattle were washed away. The study also found that the Nepal’s Building Codes were not properly enforced, which resulted in poor housing., the building construction materials are another culprit of the poor quality buildings in Kathmandu Valley along with the design of the residential structures. The study would like to suggest that the building codes should be implemented and the laws and bylaws prepared by the concerned authority should be strongly enforced. Furthermore, the practice of building designing of the residential houses by the owner themselves should be banned.
Keywords
Building Code, Material and Quality Control, Reinforced Cement Concrete Construction, Regular Supervision and Inspection
To cite this article
Ranjana Pokharel, Khet Raj Dahal, A Review on Disaster Resilient Residential Structure with Special Reference to Nepal, American Journal of Construction and Building Materials. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 51-60. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbm.20200402.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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